21 February which is our Mother Language day is observed throughout the world. The day was celebrated as Basha Dibosh in Bangla or a Language Movement day in Bangladesh before the year of 1999. UNESCO declared this day as International Mother Language Day in 1999. For this reason, this day is celebrated throughout the world as International Mother Language Day.
21st February History
With great importance and glorious action on our national life, the 21st February is a red-letter day in the history of Bangladesh. The daring and sacrifice to save the dignity of our mother tongue is worthy. It is a rear example in the world the sacrifice made by all classes of people mainly students and teachers for our beloved language Bangla. This glorious sacrifice later led the nation towards the Liberation Movement of Bangladesh in 1971. History is full of pain and pride. Let’s know the history of 21st February.
In the year 1947 when the British left the Indian subcontinent, the Indian subcontinent was divided into two parts. One was Pakistan and the other was India. Pakistan had two parts, East Pakistan and West Pakistan. This current Bangladesh was East Pakistan then. That time the majority of East Pakistan spoke Bangla as the language of their thoughts. On the other hand, the people of West Pakistan spoke in Urdu. So, the government of Pakistan declared Urdu as the state language of Pakistan. As a result, the Language Movement held.
History of 21st February
In 1948, before announcing he convocation of Dhaka University, Muhammad Ali Jinnah who is the father of Pakistan Nation declared that “Urdu will be the only state language in Pakistan.” But Two students of Dhaka University said, “No, no, no.” In response to his announcement, the people of East Pakistan (Now Bangladesh) stood ahead. They wanted freedom of language. They want to express thoughts by their mother language “Bangla”. By this, it can be said that Muhammad Ali Jinnah attracted the Bengali language.
- International Mother Language Day Paragraph
- Shahid Minar Pictures.
- International mother language day quotes with Images
- Best 21 February pic
At that time the government of West Pakistan also cheated with people of East Pakistan in different ways. Jute was the golden harvest of Bangladesh. Jute was grown in plenty in East Pakistan. The government used to take jute to West Pakistan by purchasing and make goods and sell them at a good price. But Bengali didn’t go against it. They just wanted the freedom of the mother tongue.
The beginning of the struggle for Mother Language
The revolutionary nation vehemently and expansively protested against the unilateral Jinnah declaration. The revolution remained outdated or hidden for some time, but it reappeared after the declaration of Khawaja Nazimuddin “Urdu should be the official language of this country.” Accurate brutal, inhuman, animal or anti-national behavior was revealed and then spread throughout the country in a militant manner. The Pak class strives to control or suppress them from great anger.
Hartal, February 21, 1952
Finally, on February 21, 1952, the heroes asked Hartal to introduce Bangla as their Mother language. The Pak ruling class banned processions, meetings and picket lines throughout East Pakistan to suppress the protest. Brave, brave and protesting students at the University of Dhaka broke Section 144 and began the procession. But the protest turned into an extreme nature by organizing a protesting procession against him. The ruling class imposed and proclaimed Section 144 against procession. People in our country said the slogan: “We want Bangla as the official language.” “Rasto Vasha Bangla chai.” The police opened fire on protesting students in procession. As a result, Salam, Barkat, Rafiq, Jabbar, Shafiq and many unknown students were killed on the spot of 21st February 1952.
Movement on February 21, 1952
The fight continued in his new spirit. Students and political leaders erupted in anger and decided to break the fangs of the brutal rulers of Pak. People from all classes spoke in a voice that neglected their daily maintenance. They swore to take their lives for this noble cause. People are the source of all governmental authority. Then the ruler of Pak recognized the gravity of the situation at that time and recognized the legal requirement of Bangladesh. The worthy victim of the language’s martyrs was not wasted or was bitten in the bud. They went down in history. The language movement has brought us a new idea and the idea that independent culture will be a necessity for Bengal people.
International Mother Language Day Declaration
The 21st February was observed as Language Movement day or Bangla Basha Dibosh then. Considering the importance and sacrifice of the day for mother language, UNESCO declared the day as International Mother Language Day in 2000. Now all the countries of the world observe this day with great solemnity. The day was also declared as a public holiday in Bangladesh.
The UNESCO’s declaration helped Bengalis achieve global recognition of this Language Movement day or Mahan Ekushey February.
International Mother Languages Day 2020
Alike every year, in 2020, International Mother Language Day will be observed throughout the world. Each year The celebration of 21st February International Mother Language day has a particular theme. International Mother Language Day 2020 theme is multilingualism count for sustainable development.
International mother language day activities
The national flag is kept lift up at half everywhere on the observance of the language movement day. People went to Shaheed Minar and offer flower to the heroic son of the soil who laid their lives in the Language movement of 1952. TV and Bangladesh Betar put up special programs for Ekushe February. The Ekushe February song “Amar Bhayer Raktey Rangano Ekushey February” is played everywhere. The day all the people of the country pay homage to the language martyrs.
During the day, School authorities organized different competitions like International mother language day paragraph, 21st February Composition, Ekushey February essay in Bengali etc.
Full song of Ekushey By Bappa
Before the declaration of International Language Day by UNESCO, a few nations knew the significance of 21st February. It got worldwide recognition after der announcement of UNESCO.